Relationship Measures Of Attachment Security And Parental Sensitivity

1214 Words Mar 7th, 2016 5 Pages
The current study investigated the relationship measures of attachment security, parental sensitivity, emotional availability, and child attachment classifications in high-risk parent-child dyads. The first hypothesis was only partially supported, all home- and lab-based measures were positively related but were not all significant. Consistent with past research, home-based measures of attachment security and parental sensitivity were strongly positively related, which adds to the literature supporting the validity of the AQS and MBQS-mini (Tarabulsy, et al., 2009). Moreover, these findings were anticipated as the two measures are complementary and can be assessed using the same parent-child observations. Parental sensitivity was related …show more content…
Overall, secure children showed a positive non-significant trend on all relationship measures further supporting the research that secure children have higher quality relationships with their caregivers despite psychosocial risks (Biringen et al., 2014). It was suprising to see that attachment security and parental sensitivity did not differ among secure and insecure children. As proposed by De Wolff and van IJzendoorn (1997), attachment security and parental sensitivity may have been influenced by contextual factors which were not controlled for in the present study, and of course the current study suffered from a low sample size.
Children did not display extreme disorganized behaviours; there was a low range of disorganized behaviours, as evidenced by the disorganized scale, with many children in the sample just reaching the cut-off score for a disorganized classification. With that in mind, there were over twice as many disorganized children (37%) in our sample than in the typical population (Van Ijzendoorn, Schuengel, & Bakermans–Kranenburg, 1999). Those displaying incidences of disorganization all received a disorganized classification which further add to the validity to this scale. Lyons-Ruth, Repacholi, McLeod and Silva (1991) have shown that mothers of avoidant and disorganized children displayed high levels of avoidant behaviours which may explain why parents of disorganized children displayed less-hostility and intrusiveness than parents of non-disorganized
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