Release of Nelson Mandela in 1990 and South Africa's State Essay

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Release of Nelson Mandela in 1990 and South Africa's State

Nelson Mandela became president of South Africa in 1994 and he continued in this job until his retirement in 2000. Mandela was born on the 18th July 1918. His real name was Rolihlahla that means troublemaker, but because it was the thing to have a European name (usually a heroic name) as well as a Xhosa one, he was also called Nelson. He was the son of Chief Henry Gadla Mandela and Nosekeni. Mandela was born into the royal family of the Thembu people. As a boy Nelson and his three sisters lived in a group of whitewashed huts near Umtata in the Transkei. He was part of a royal family. He then studied for a degree at Fort Hare, a college
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He joined the African National Congress, which was started in 1912 by four African lawyers to try and unite the African people. Sisulu, Mandela and a man called Oliver Tambo decided to form a youth league of the ANC which was more militant and used violence. In 1948 the Afrikaner National Party came to power and enforced apartheid.

At the ANC's annual conference in 1951 Mandela and Sisulu decided to start countrywide non-violent defiance of some laws and Mandela was voted National volunteer-in-chief. He went around the country talking to the crowds and promoting the non-violent defiance campaign. He was sent to prison in June 1952. Over the next few months lots of people were put in jail, but the ANC numbers grew from 7000 to 100,000. Mandela was one of the leaders tried under the Suppression of Communism Act, and was given a suspended prison sentence of nine months. A new law was passed so that the leaders organising protests could be jailed for up to five years, or be fined up to £500, and whipped. Mandela was elected President of the Transvaal ANC, but before he could start, he was banned from meetings and told not to leave Johannesburg by the security police. He was forced to resign from the ANC.

The pressure of politics caused problems with his marriage and he and Evelyn got divorced on 5 December 1956, Mandela was arrested with
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