Reliability and Validity

1262 WordsMar 29, 20136 Pages
The purpose of this article is to summarize, integrate, and evaluate the many ways interviews can be structured. Reliability and validity are key concepts in the process of selecting among job applicants, since the main goal of selection is to make accurate predictions about which individuals will perform well on the job. Reliability is the consistency of measurement, or the degree to which an instrument measures the same way each time it is used under the same condition with the same subjects (definition from: www.technetium.cen.brad.ac.uk). For example if the applicants are given different selection tests it would be very difficult to compare the difference among applicants. Alternatively, if a number of candidates are given the same…show more content…
excellent, good, or bad), and relative comparisons. The tenth component is taking detailed notes. Note taking may enhance structure because it reduces memory decay and avoids recency and primacy effects. The eleventh component is using multiple interviews. Using multiple interviews reduces biases and multiple judgements can cancel out random errorsd. The twelfth component is using same interviewer(s) across all candidates. This is important because different interviewers usually ask different questions and evaluate answers differently. The thirteen component is not discussing candidates or answers between interviews. This leads to irrelevant information entering the evaluation process. The fourteen component is providing extensive interview training. Training is most common to improve interviews. And last and fifteen component is using statistical rather than clinical component. To enhance structure statistical procedures are used rather than interviewer judgments. Selecting the right candidates is crucial for long term success of both multi-national companies and individual managers. The selection process is almost like a series of obstacles that applicants must cross in order to obtain the job. In my experience of being interviewed at Wal-Mart the interview difficulty was about average. I was interviewed by three people; only one person asked questions, but all three took notes. Each

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