Religion Values, and Culture Identity Development Essay

3014 Words 13 Pages
Identity is a word that is used very commonly and regularly by people in their daily life. Identity formation is a process of developing distinct, separate identity. “A person’s identity has many attributes. It is a representation of one’s unique personal experience, memory, ethnicity, culture, religious orientation, gender, occupational role, amongst various other factors. Erikson refers to identity as “some belief in the sameness and continuity of some shared world image.”Identity may be defined as one’s consciousness of one self and others’ perception of one’s individuality”, (Yamin, 2008).
Identity can be defined by cultural classification which includes nationality race, religion, gender and social characteristics which includes
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“cultural values and behaviors , sense of group membership and minority status experience (Haji et al 2011).Social identity theory (SIT) given by Tajfel and Turner, 1975 provided a framework for understanding cultural identity. According to this theory, social identity is a sense of belonging to a particular social category or group, and the importance of social identity depends upon the inter relation context as cited by (Haji et al, 2011) .So the culture or group that the person identifies with influences their pride and self esteem. Banks, in 2004 gave cultural/ethnic identity development stages. The 6 stages given by banks are as follows,
• “Stage 1: Ethnic psychological captivity, people in this stage have monocultural experience, they suffer the stereotypes associated with their groups.
• Stage 2: Ethnic encapsulation, people have defensive attitude towards their culture, the majority culture is threatening.
• Stage 3: Ethnic Identity Clarification, people start to reinforce their emerging cultural identity.
• Stage 4: Biethnicity, to have strong sense of their ethnic identity, a clear understanding for your own culture and respect for
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