Religious, Social, Philosophical, And Political Upheaval

1394 Words6 Pages
Religious, social, philosophical, and political upheaval spread throughout both Europe and the Americas during over the course of the eighteenth century. In prominent Western nations such as England, France, and Spain, religious tensions persisted from power struggles between Catholicism and Protestantism throughout the 1600s. However, while governments remained entrenched in organized religion at a state level, Enlightenment ideas emphasizing human reason brought about a new epistemological ideology, called deism (Duiker, 463). While this previously unfamiliar philosophy failed to replace the dominant Protestant or Catholic religions of established nations, revolutionist movements toward the end of the 1700s fully embraced deism. In…show more content…
Despite the influence of Enlightenment throughout the Western world during the French and Indian War, France and England’s government-level worldviews remained decidedly theistic. Because of this, the Treaty of Paris, which detailed the terms of truce at the end of the war in 1763, remains untouched by deistic, humanistic influences. With centuries-long traditions entrenched in either Protestant or Catholic theologies, leaders of both nations either possessed no desire to break the status quo or found attempting a separation of church and state impossible. In the centuries leading up to the French and Indian War, which is the official name for the North American front of the Severn Years War, both France and England experienced significant religious turmoil. France, led by King Louis XV at the treaty’s signing, maintained a heavily Catholic tradition since King Henry IV signed the Edict of Nantes in 1598. As for England under King George III, the official Church of England followed protestant theology (Duiker, 390-391). These deeply ingrained traditional ideologies prevented deism and other enlightenment theologies from dominating the thoughts and language expressed in the Treaty of Paris. Holding to their traditional theological leanings, authors of France and England’s Treaty of

More about Religious, Social, Philosophical, And Political Upheaval

Get Access