Essay about Renaissance Figures

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Renaissance Figures Cosimo de' Medici, also known as Cosimo the Elder, lived from 1389--1464. He was the first Medici to rule Florence. He was exiled from Florence in 1433, but he returned in 1434 and doubled his wealth through banking. He ended Florence's traditional alliance with Venice and supported the Sforza family in Milan. His historical significance was being a patron to such artists as Brunelleschi, Donatello, and Ghiberti, and as the founder of the Medici Library. ? Lorenzo de' Medici, also known as Lorenzo the Magnificent, lived from 1449--1492, and he was one of the towering figures of the Italian Renaissance. He had little success in business, however, and his lavish entertainments depleted his…show more content…
An anti-ecclesiastical policy was adopted, and the subservient Thomas Cranmer became archbishop of Canterbury. He immediately pronounced Henry's marriage to Katharine invalid. Papal powers were transferred to the king, who became the supreme head of the English church. The break with Rome was now complete, and the Church of England was established. The king dealt harshly with rebellions against the abolition of papal supremacy and the dissolution of the monasteries. The end of Henry's reign saw a gradual move toward Protestantism. Henry remained immensely popular, despite his advancement of personal desires under the guise of public policy or moral right. His political insight, however, grew steadily better, and the power of Parliament increased. He gave England a comparatively peaceful reign. ? Girolamo Savonarola lived from 1452--1498. He was an Italian religious reformer, and a Dominican. He became popular in Florence for his eloquent attacks on moral laxity and for his predictions, some of them accurate. After the Medici were exiled (1494), he became spiritual ruler of Florence and imposed a severe regime. He supported the invasion of Italy by Charles VIII of France, hoping that Charles would help in forming a democratic government in Florence and reforming the scandalously corrupt court of Pope Alexander VI. He was excommunicated (1497) after ignoring the pope's order to stop preaching, Savonarola was
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