Renaissance Humanism

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In European history, the Renaissance marks the period from 15th and 16th century, more specifically around 1450 to 1600. The Renaissance marks a time of "rebirth" of human creativity as well as a time of exploration. Additionally, the Renaissance was a period of individualism, which is strongly represented through the works of Leonardo da Vinci. In addition, unlike the previous era of the Medieval Age, the Renaissance did not focus much on the afterlife, but rather embraced this idea of humanism, which focused on the human and their achievements. This shift in interest from the religious to the secular is also strongly evident in Renaissance literature and art in that they concentrated on realism and the life-like representation of the human. During the Renaissance, the shift from the religious to the secular along with the Protest Reformation led by Martin Luther brought about a further decrease in the power of the Catholic church. Further, the church was no longer the center of learning for the invention of the printing around 1450 made books and learning more accessible to the general population.
There were three major characteristics at this time. First, since people were interested in humanism, the emphasis on humanistic art, harmony and proportion, exploration of reasonable techniques, and clear expression. "In humanistic thinking, man becomes the central figure of the universe." (Elders 73) It indicated that the power of church weakened. Second, due to the development

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