Renaissance : The Italian Renaissance

947 Words4 Pages
The Italian Renaissance was one of the most colorful, vital, and exciting times in history. Renaissance eventually comes from the French word "Renaistre," meaning "to be born again." The Renaissance was a revival or a rebirth of cultural awareness and learning among art, law, language, literature, philosophy, science, and mathematics. This period took place between the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries. The Renaissance in Italy flourished. What was the Renaissance and why did it happen? The Renaissance period was characterized by a renewed interest in ancient Greek and Roman design and included an emphasis on human beings and the environment. The city of Florence became the center of much of this activity, where artists and scholars were sponsored royally by like-minded families of great wealth and social power. More emphasis was put into education as a means of freedom from ignorance instead of a reason to serve God. The secularism and humanism of the Renaissance were reflected in its scholarship and education. Its concern was with this world rather than the afterlife, and its focus was on classics rather than Christian theology. The father of Renaissance literature, Petrarch, stressed that the new boarding schools were not to train priests but the sons of merchants. There was a shift in power from the church to a general secularization in all areas of life, with the main focus being on the enhancement in the studies of the arts. The arts were looked at in a new way,
Open Document