Renal Vs Respiratory Disease

Better Essays
Do you or someone you know suffer from renal or respiratory disease? These are only two of many diseases that have the potential to be fatal. People with these disease are more likely to have a lower quality of life. As with other diseases, renal and respiratory diseases can have many negative effects on the body and oral cavity. As a dental professional it is important to recognize and understand signs and symptoms of the diseases. Also, we should know how to properly treat a person with these diseases. We should educate them on proper oral hygiene instruction and also support them through the effects of the diseases.
Renal disease is characterized by the inability of your kidneys to eliminate waste products from the body. Renal disease is
…show more content…
According to Darby, this is characterized by chronic irreversible obstruction of airflow to and from the lungs. Spirometry is the test used to measure a person’s lung function and classify the COPD into stages. One sign or symptom of COPD is chronic bronchitis that intensifies in a person that smokes. Another sign or symptom would be a cough that a person has for many weeks and produces large amounts of sputum after the person’s cold is gone. Upper respiratory infections become worse and breathing gradually becomes more difficult and is brought on more easily. As the disease progresses a person may see change in mental state, headache, weakness, muscle tremors, or twitching. There is no cure for this disease and disease progression cannot be altered. Medication is simply used to give the patient a better quality of life and make breathing less difficult. Antibiotics may be used if there is a bacterial infection, bronchodilators are used as they are in people with asthma, and as the disease progresses more drugs are combine like a long acting beta2- agonist with an anticholinergic followed by mehylxanthine for clients that cannot get relief. At this point in the disease a client would have at home oxygen. When treating the client, as a dental professional it is important to seat the client in an upright or semi-supine position. The appointments should also be short for people with COPD. The dental professional should avoid using a rubber dam because this could make breathing even more difficult for the patient. Dental material of a powdery nature and the air polisher should also be avoided. High-speed suction should be used when using the ultrasonic scaler to eliminate aerosols that may be inhaled. If needed, the dental professional may offer oxygen to the client. If the client has emphysema, nitrous oxide should be avoided. Clients with disease may tire easily and
Get Access