Rena’s Concept of Nation Building Based on Chavez and Morales

Decent Essays
Ernst Renan’s concept of nation is about a proposal that urges people to come together in order to have consciousness about the process of building a nation and to forget about the differences in geography, language, race, and religion. He insists on telling that a nation is composed of people’s collaboration and agreements to stay together and be governed by mutual approval because they shared a common past. Based on this concept, we can say that Hugo Chavez and Evo Morales were trying to build a nation by using history to unify the nation and to challenge the notion of geography and in the case of Morales the language and race.
Nikolas Kozloff’s Hugo Chavez: Oil, Politics, and the Challenge to the U.S express the concept of nation in
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Similar to Chavez, Evo Morales contributed to the concept of geography as part of making a nation because Bolivia is divided into two races groups: European and Indigenous. It was difficult for Evo to be able to unify Bolivia for being an Indigenous person. He can be seemed as one of the men that Renan mentioned who are “healthy in mind and warm of heart” because he was creating a kind of moral conscience based on the coca leaf which he defended to be a form of food supply for the poor. As well, he said that the growing of coca was a job for the peasant community (based on the film Cocalero). In addition, we can see that the contact with the people by playing soccer games with the local miners demonstrate the moral consciousness that he wanted to implement. The fact that Evo spoke demonstrated that the language as Renan said need to be forget, even though, there was a great percent of people who spoke Quechua. He wanted to reach everybody by speaking the primary language. Hugo Chavez and Evo Morales had similar and different contributions about Rena’s concept of nation building. Chavez supported the ideas that geography was important to unify and to have progress in the nation. While, Morales was challenging this characteristic because Bolivia is a perfect example of how difficult is to govern when a nation is divided. Both Presidents were fighting for agrarian reform and this made the poor to enforce the agenda of each president. They tried to reach everyone and to
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