Rena’s Concept of Nation Building Based on Chavez and Morales

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Ernst Renan’s concept of nation is about a proposal that urges people to come together in order to have consciousness about the process of building a nation and to forget about the differences in geography, language, race, and religion. He insists on telling that a nation is composed of people’s collaboration and agreements to stay together and be governed by mutual approval because they shared a common past. Based on this concept, we can say that Hugo Chavez and Evo Morales were trying to build a nation by using history to unify the nation and to challenge the notion of geography and in the case of Morales the language and race.
Nikolas Kozloff’s Hugo Chavez: Oil, Politics, and the Challenge to the U.S express the concept of nation in
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Ernst Renan’s concept of nation is about a proposal that urges people to come together in order to have consciousness about the process of building a nation and to forget about the differences in geography, language, race, and religion. He insists on telling that a nation is composed of people’s collaboration and agreements to stay together and be governed by mutual approval because they shared a common past. Based on this concept, we can say that Hugo Chavez and Evo Morales were trying to build a nation by using history to unify the nation and to challenge the notion of geography and in the case of Morales the language and race.
Nikolas Kozloff’s Hugo Chavez: Oil, Politics, and the Challenge to the U.S express the concept of nation in different forms. Chavez wanted to unify South American countries as a way to challenge the United States and to create a system of total independency based on oil. This was his neoliberal’s ideas. By doing this, he is satisfying the part where Renan said that people need to work together to unify the nation. Moreover, the book mentioned about the accumulation of wealth through the oil companies and this was used to create jobs, health care, and education for the poor. As well, we see how Chavez uses the past to bring consciousness to the people about the sacrifices that its ancestors have made as Renan noted like is the case of Simon Bolivar. Chavez made Simon Bolivar his icon for his effort of freeing South America and for challenging the

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