Rene Descartes 's Meditation On First Philosophy

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René Descartes objective in Meditation on First Philosophy is to construct philosophy as a solid methodical study and discipline alike the sciences. To do so he must first suspend belief in all things doubtful and from their go about verifying the true concepts of the world. In meditation II he verifies that he is a thinking thing and finds that the certainty of the cogito “I think therefore I am” lies in the distinct perception of what he affirms. From this he generates a general rule of evidence, stating that whatever is clearly and distinctly perceived, alike the cogito, is true. However, if there is an evil genius at work he cannot be assured of this rule of evidence since something could be true on the one hand but not on the other. He must therefore prove both the existence of God and that God is not a deceiver. This would rule out the evil genius hypothesis, since an omnipotent undeceptive God would not allow some other being to deceive his children. Having confirmed his own existence as a mind Descartes, is certain of two things; that he is a being who thinks and that he distinctly and clearly perceives himself as a mind. For Descartes to possess the degree of certainty he needs to construct philosophy and verify other truths he must find a method of identifying things of absolute certainty. He resolves that everything that is clear and distinct is true and that all perceptions he thinks of as clear and distinct are also true. Accidental modes such as the ideas and
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