Renewable Energy Within Scotland And Onshore Wind Farms

953 WordsAug 11, 20164 Pages
5.3.2 Objective B “Provide a background on renewable energy in Scotland with specific focus on wind farm developments on peatlands”. The author was able to review a wide range of literature, on renewable energy in Scotland and onshore wind farms in particular. The author firstly established why there was a need for renewable energy by reviewing literature on climate change and how traditional electricity generation by power stations were recognised as having a detrimental impact to the environmental, as they were seen to contribute significantly to global warming by the levels of CO2 emission. The majority of wind farms in Scotland were found to be located in areas where peatlands were also found. Objective A and B highlighted a strong correlation between climate change, wind farm developments and peatlands. Although wind farms are recognised for their ability to displace CO2 by generating electricity from a renewable source, wind farms constructed on areas of peatlands can cause the peat to decompose, which results in the release of CO2 to the atmosphere. As highlighted within chapter two, climate change and renewable energy targets for the UK and Scotland have been set within the European Union’s Renewable Energy Directive 2009/28/EC. What will be interesting to see in the next couple of years is, whether the UK and Scotland’s Government will revise these targets given that they are in the process of leaving the EU. 5.3.3 Objective C “Establish the common environmental

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