Renewable Energy and Sustainable Development

4969 WordsMar 30, 201120 Pages
Renewable Energy and Sustainable Development: an Overview PrakashS.V."* Abstract The Environmental problems that we face today require long-term potential actions for sustainable development. In this regard, renewable energy resources appear to be the one of the most efficient and effective solutions to this problem. The anticipated patterns of future energy use and consequent environmental impacts are comprehensively discussed, along with the potential solutions to current environmental problems are identified along with renewable energy technologies. Issues relating to renewable energy, environment and sustainable development are examined from both current and future perspectives. The forest volume inventories are valuable source of…show more content…
World population is expected to double by the middle of the 21" century (Anon, 1995) and economic development will almost certainly continue to grow. Global demand for energy services is expected to increase by as much as an order of magnitude by 2050, while primary-energy demands are expected to increase by 1.5-3 times (Anon, 1987). Simultaneously, concem will likely increase regarding energy-related environmental concems such as acid precipitation, stratospheric ozone depletion and global climate change. One solution to the impending energy shortage is to make much more use of renewable energy sources and technologies. This cause is sometimes espoused with a fervor, which leads to extravagant and impossible claims being made. Engineering practicality, reliability, applicability, economy, scarcity of supply and public acceptability should all be considered accordingly. Ultimately, of course, all energy supplies on earth derive from the sun and solar energy provides a continuous stream of energy which warms us, causes crops to grow via photosynthesis, heats the land and sea differentially and so causes winds and consequently waves and, of course, rain leading to hydropower. Tidal rise and fall is the result of radioactive decay deep in the earth. All are possible sources of energy but though the science is imderstood, it does not follow that provided be found appropriately (Norton, 1990). The
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