Report On Agriculture And Natural Resources

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DRAFT LITERATURE REVIEW ON IMPROVED COOKSTOVES IN MALAWI Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resources August, 2014 Contents Contents 2 Acronyms and abbreviations 2 Executive Summary 4 1. Introduction 5 1.1. Use of biomass in Sub-Saharan Africa 5 1.2. Use of biomass in Malawi 6 1.3. Energy Conservation Projects in Malawi 7 1.3.1 Improved Stove Design: Energy Studies Unit 7 1.3.2 GTZ Projects 7 1.3.3 Blantyre Fuelwood Project 8 1.3.4 MBAULA Network 8 1.4. Studies on improved biomass cooking stoves in Malawi 8 2. Conclusions and Recommendations 10 References 11 Acronyms and abbreviations ICS Improved Cooking Stoves ProBEC Programme for Biomass Energy Conservation MBAULA Movement for Bio-energy Advocacy,…show more content…
The promotion of ICS concentrated in the Southern Region followed by the Central Region. It is, therefore, recommended to carry out a comprehensive study on ICS adoption across the country. 1. Introduction 1.1. Use of biomass in Sub-Saharan Africa Biomass (charcoal and firewood) is the major energy source in southern Africa, particularly in rural areas. Most households rely on biomass energy for cooking and space heating. This exhaustive use of biomass cause several health and environmental related threats. This heavy reliance on biomass exerts pressure on forests and trees which eventually leads to extensive deforestation and as well as soil erosion. Furthermore, the traditional cooking on open fire leads to severe problems of indoor air pollution and its associated health hazards. It is estimated that about 3% of the global burden of diseases is caused by wood smoke resulting in 1.6 million premature deaths every year including 900 children under five (Malinski, 2008; Warwick and Doig, 2004; WHO, 2002). One of the factors that results in high demand for fuelwood is its low combustion efficiency (Muneer and Mohamed, 2003). The development and distribution of energy efficient cooking technology such as improved biomass cooking stoves (ICS) is considered as one of the best technically possible, socially reliable, and economically viable interventions available that can help to maintain low demand for fuelwood to reduce pressure on forest reserves (Arnold et
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