Report on Characteristics and Consequences of an Aging Population

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Report on Characteristics and Consequences of an Aging Population

An ageing population is a population that, for a number of reasons, is collectively and gradually growing older. The main reasons for this are falling birth rates while death rates remain static. An ageing population can, however, have severe consequences for a country, which will be described below.

In this report, the characteristics and consequences of an ageing population will be described using specific case studies on a world, and regional scale. Areas where population is ageing will be shown and reasons why the population is ageing in these areas will be outlined.

What are the Characteristics of an Ageing
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The areas where there is an ageing population such as Europe, the USA, Japan and Russia for example, are all in stage 4 of the Demographic transition model, where are low death rates, and therefore a high life expectancy, but also low birth rates which are sometimes even lower than death rates, with this resulting in an ageing population, which is described under the previous heading.

Conversely, the areas with young population (Africa and parts of Asia etc) are all either in stage 1 or stage 2, in some cases early stage 3 of the Demographic transition model where there are fallen death rates and consistently high birth rate with this resulting in an increasingly young population.

Ageing Population- International Case Studies

The UK - The population of the UK is in the process of ageing. This is due to, as mentioned above, the low death rate and consequent high life expectancy of the UK and low, decreasing birth. This results in the population pyramid of the UK being fairly top and middle heavy, with the base of the pyramid (where the youth population is shown) not being nearly as wide as the middle, and only marginally wider than the top, older areas, with this indicating that the population of the UK is in the process of ageing. This again shows that the UK is in stage 4, possibly even stage 5 of the Demographic Transition model, where there are low

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