Reporting Rape And Sexual Assault

2577 Words Jul 30th, 2014 11 Pages
Reporting Rape/Sexual Assault Prevented By:
Psychological Barriers Created by Social Stigmas, Gender Views, and Law Enforcement Bias
Victoria Veach
University of Alabama

Reporting Rape/Sexual Assault Prevented By:
Psychological Barriers Created by Social Stigma, Gender Views, and Law Enforcement Bias Sexual assault and rape in common language are usually referred to as the same subject. The word sexual assault is the main category while rape is a specific entity within this category. Rape is a term used to refer to the act of being forced or coerced into performing oral, anal, or vaginal penetration. While sexual assault is the term used to refer to any sexual act unwanted by the participant that ranges from being touched to penetration; that involves intimidation or deception. In general rape/sexual assault is the most underreport crime; however if rape/sexual assault is reported women are more likely to come forward than men. There are barriers that are keeping the victims of rape/sexual assaults at bay. According to Pino and Meier (1999) “the underreporting of this crime is the result of a number of reasons that are related to the ways in which rape is perceived and defined”. The general public when hearing about rape/sexual assault assumes that the victim was a woman; when approximately “5% to 10% of rape victims are male” (Sable, Danis, Mauzy, & Gallagher, 2006).
Men and women share some common factors on why they do not report rape/sexual assault…
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