Reproductive Anatomy Essay

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Reproductive Anatomy

Female and male reproductive organs fully develop during puberty.

Puberty is a stage of adolescence that is marked by the production hormones

involved in reproduction, such as follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and

luteinizing hormone (LH).The female reproductive system produces ova, or

egg cells, and provide a place where a fertilized egg can develop. The male

reproductive system produces sperm cells and deliver them to the female

reproductive system.

Reproductive Processes

Human reproductive processes depend on cycles of hormones. The

menstrual cycle is a series of monthly changes in the reproductive system that

include producing and releasing an egg and preparing an uterus to receive
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Fertilization occurs when a

sperm cell joins an egg cell. Sexually transmitted diseases can affect fertility

and its overall health. STD can be passed from one person to another during

sexual contact.

Fetal Development

Fetal development is the process stage from zygote to fetus. The

fertilized egg is implanted into the uterus and nourished by the placenta. A

zygote develops into a fully formed fetus in about 38 weeks and is divided

into three trimesters. The mother affects the fetus, and pregnancy affects the

mother. To ensure the health of her baby, a mother needs to eat well, exercise

and have regular medical checkups.

Birth and Development

Physical development continues through adolescence and declines with

age. Birth occurs in three stages: dilation of the cervix, emergence of the

baby, and expulsion of the placenta. Human growth and aging also occur in

stages: infancy, childhood, puberty, adolescence, adulthood, aging.

Trimesters of Development

First Trimester : weeks 1-12 Heart, brain, intestines, pancreas, kidney, liver are forming.
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Fine body hair thins and scalp hair grows in. Bones are growing and

hardening. Synapses between neurons form in huge numbers. Lungs

complete development. Fetus turns to head-down position.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) The first well-recorded European outbreak of what is now known as

syphilis occurred in 1494 when it broke out among French troops besieging

Naples in the Italian War of 1494–98. STDs are infections that are commonly

spread by sex. These diseases are passed from one person to another during

sexual contact. It can affect fertility and overall health.

Bacterial STDs include chlamydia, syphilis, gonorrhea. Viral STDs

include hepatitis B, genital herpes, human papillomavirus (HPV), human

immunodeficiency (HIV), which causes AIDS. Symptoms and signs of this

disease may include vaginal discharge, penile discharge, ulcers on or around

the genitals, and pelvic pain. Most parasitic and bacterial STDs can be treated

with antibiotics. Although medications can control these diseases, but there are

no cures. Vaccines can that protect against some viral STDs, such as Hepatitis

A, Hepatitis B, and some types of HPV. People can avoid STDs by using

condoms or
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