Essay on Reproductive Health in Low Income Women

1436 Words6 Pages
The District of Columbia (D.C) is made up of 52.8% females, 54% African Americans, and 40.6% Caucasians. Of the roughly 600,000 living in D.C., 101,400 (or 16.9%) are living below the poverty line (US Census, 2009). Over the years, the poverty rate in D.C. has continued to grow. With this number growing, there is a profound need to learn more about the women that are being affected. That being said, it is important to learn more about sexual and reproductive health in low-income women. In the District of Columbia, many women are living below the poverty life and are thus unable to get the help that they need in regards to their sexual and reproductive health. As researchers, there is a need to investigate why this is and what can be done…show more content…
In their research, Robinson et al. (2002) targeted African American women with low socio-economic statuses. While some participants dropped out of the study, there was evidence that an HIV education for prevention method was successful. After the study, researchers found that there was an overall better understanding of sexual anatomy knowledge, increased communication with children about sexual issues, and in some cases; safer sex. In the United States, there have been 19 million new STD infections per year. In addition, there are much higher rates of STD’s among racial and ethnic minorities than Non-Hispanic Caucasians. Through research, the CDC has been able to find that factors contributing to this difference are poverty, lack of access to health care, and an already high prevalence of STD’s in racial minorities (CDC, 2009). Chlamydia, a Sexually Transmitted Disease that is becoming more prevalent, has reached to 23,465 new cases in D.C. between 2004 and 2008. In addition, in 2009, preventative measures were taken in high schools to ensure STD safety. After 3,448 teenagers were tested, 10% tested positive for some STD (DC Department of Health, 2009). Understanding the high rates of STD’s among young people is most generally through understanding the relationships of the adolescents. When being researched, it was found that many adolescents had trouble with negotiating the use of condoms. There was an obvious
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