Research Based Benefits Of Play Essay

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1) Evidence for 3+ research-based benefits of play
There are many benefits of play for young children physically, emotionally, and academically. In an article on play, Wheatley (2011), found research that stated children in more play-oriented classroom were just as successful at problem solving skills as those in traditional classrooms from Smith and Simon (1984) (located in Zigler, Singer, & Bishop-Josef, 2004, p. 70). These children in play-oriented classrooms also had more problem solving ideas. Another research done by Hart, Charlesworth, Burts & DeWold (1993) (located in Zigler, Singer, & Bishop-Josef, 2004, p. 70) found that children were “more distractible, less willing to follow directions and less prosocial” when they were in direct instruction classrooms compared to children in more natural-based play oriented environments. More evidence from Stipek and colleagues (1995) (located in Zigler, Singer, & Bishop-Josef, 2004, p. 70) shows that children who are exposed to direct instruction style classrooms were very dependent on adults, had very little pride in their work, showed more signs of negative motivation than positive, and did not have high academic expectations for themselves. Therefore, with this research we can infer that play has the ability to generate more problem solving ideas, make kids prosocial, less distracted, willing to learn, and hold themselves to higher academic standards.

2) Evidence for 3+ research-based benefits of emergent curriculum
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