Research Critique, Part 1: Hospital Nurse Staffing and Patient Mortality, Nurse Burnout, and Job Dissatisfaction

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Research Critique, Part 1: Hospital Nurse Staffing and Patient Mortality, Nurse Burnout, and Job Dissatisfaction Grand Canyon University: NRS-433V 06-04-2016 PROBLEM STATEMENT: The broad research problem leading to this study is the belief that nursing shortage in facilities leads to patient safety issues. The review of available literature on this topic shows strong evidence that lower nurse staffing levels in hospitals are associated with worse patient outcomes. Some of these outcomes include very high patient to nurse ratio, fatigue for nurses leading to costly medical mistakes, social environment, nursing staff attrition from the most affected facilities. The study specifically attempts to find a way to understand how nurse…show more content…
It was followed by analysis of collected data and also the analysis of administrative data from about 168 hospitals. Literature Review A framework for a research helps with the organization of the study and provision of a context for understanding of the findings (Nieswiadomy, 2008, p. 111). The different theoretical methods in this particular study help to provide reasons why nurses are experiencing burnout. “Burnout is seen as a persistent dysfunctional state that results from prolonged exposure to chronic stress” (Jourdain & Chenevert, 2010, p.710). A framework for a research study helps with the organization of the study and provision of a context for interpreting of the study findings (Nieswiadomy, 2008, p. 111). The various theoretical approaches in this particular study help to define reasons why nurses are experiencing burnout. “Burnout is seen as a persistent dysfunctional state that results from prolonged exposure to chronic stress” (Jourdain & Chenevert, 2010, p.710). Theories for burnout in the nursing profession are presented in the jobs-demands resources model. “This study uses the job-demands resources model to clarify the role of burnout among nursing staff in the relationship between stress factors and intention to leave the profession”

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