This study will utilize a cross-sectional research design. Such a design observes behavior or attitudes that occur at a single point in time, while longitudinal studies allow observations over time. This study seeks to examine why crime occurs by asking individuals if they have ever committed a crime (point in time). In addition, it will also be utilized because it is simple and not as costly as a longitudinal design. It is not in the best interest of the research to utilize a study that will cost a significant amount of money. Also, it is important to conduct the research in a timely manner using a longitudinal design would take more time due to its complex nature. Therefore, a cross-sectional study has been utilized.
This paper focuses on economic sanctions target selection. It specifically examines which factors include United States’ decision to impose economic sanctions. Sanctions are penalties levied against another country, or individuals within a country. They are an instrument of national foreign policy designed to apply economic pressure against their target in order to changes the target state’s behaviors or polices. Sanctions represent a wide variety of policy tools available for use as part of a carrot and stick approach to international relations.
“Since 2005, U.S. policymakers have increasingly turned to sophisticated types of economic sanctions as a foreign policy tool of first resort. From the development of banking sanctions limiting Iran’s ability to secure financing from Western capital markets to new sanctions targeting Russia’s financial system and the development of its oil resources, U.S. policymakers have touted these innovative tools as extremely powerful while also being tailored and precise.” (Feaver & Lorber, 2015)
The deployment of economic sanctions on the international stage by states to influence the behavior of other states has become the norm in International Relations. Despite the increase in popularity of this practice over the course of the past century, the question of its efficiency is one that is still debated and remains unanswered. The idea that putting economic pressures on a country to illicit a certain behavior or change in behavior from that country works in theory, but in practice, it is more complicated and does not necessarily work the way that theory suggests it should. Some economists and policy analysts have taken the approach of deconstructing the subject in order to consider what variable may or may not affect the efficiency
As economic hegemony and political and military superpower following WWII, the United States attempted to impose its will on many countries through the use of economic sanctions. There are many motivation prompting the use of sanction. First, it can be a proportional response to a challenge where the interests at stake are judged to be less than vital. Second, sanctions are a form of expression, to communicate official displeasure with a certain behavior or action . American reluctance to use military force is another motivation, especially in those instances where U.S. interests are not deemed sufficiently important to justify casualties and high financial costs. Third, the growth of congressional power helps explain the prevalence of economic
Lisa Gaston, a 27 year old female is the subject of this research design. Lisa is employed with the Dallas Police Department as a police officer. She is also an enlisted member of the Air Force reserve. She is a Louisiana native and obtained her bachelor’s degree in Criminal Justice from Southern A&M University in Baton Rouge, LA. She spends her free time serving her community with her sorority sisters of Delta Sigma Theta and empowering young African American women in underserved communities by hosting free events within their neighborhoods. Over the years she has developed a habit of smoking to manage stress and she would like to reduce her smoking so that she can live a healthier life style. This single subject research design will use meditation as an intervention to help her to reduce her smoking habits.
A quantitive-descriptive research study will be implemented for the process of the project. This would utilize simple surveys and measurements to obtain the data in the school that will be observed, defining this project as quasi-experimental. An explanatory theoretical framework would be preferable for this project because the goal is to try and change the issue of vegetable and legume consumption in young children. These changes will be slow as changing instilled behaviors of individuals can prove to be difficult. By using this framework, the researcher can use this to explain to parents, the pediatric participants, and involved individuals why the changes are desirable in the community and what kind of positive outcomes
The study design comprises of both qualitative and quantitative approaches for exploring the current practices of cleaning the resuscitation device among the providers in union level settings (Family Welfare Visitor) and in communities (Community Skilled Birth Attendant) to find out if that practice adequately meets the requirements of standard infection prevention guideline and its associated gaps and challenges. The study involves a direct observation of simulation of the preparatory activities prior to conduction of deliveries and cleaning and disinfection process for the neonatal resuscitation device, pre and post cleaning collection of specimens from parts of the device (bag-mask and sucker) and lab-test of specimens.
Economic sanctions are implemented by one or more nations upon another nation in order to alter the nation's interests towards their own preferences. Economic sanctions have proven themselves to be successful countless times, and have incited successful negotiations that would have otherwise not existed. Sanctions do not aim to directly affect the citizens of a nation, but rather, as editor, Robert McMahon said in UN Sanctions: A Mixed Record, “sectors of a nation, such as arms, cash-earning commodities such as diamonds, or financial assets and travel”. Although an estimated 35% of sanctions have been successful, they have been very effective as a foreign policy tool and have somewhat prevented nations from violating human rights as well as acts of terrorism. Although economic sanctions have an estimated 35% success rate, they are still extremely useful and lead to negotiations between parties with different interests. This is because, sanctions are able to instill fear in other nations which in turn prevents the occurrence of any malicious
This web-based training is presented by June L. Rondinelli RN, MSN. It is the eighth video in a sequence of twenty that teaches about nursing research. In this presentation, she highlights the objectives, purpose, goals, and examples of qualitative research design. Comprehending these components can help researchers better understand how to using this method in practice. It can also be useful in helping to select a specific design of qualitative research method.
Is the use of soap and water or alcohol-based rubs more effective in preventing nosocomial infection?
“Economic sanction” is frequently used in discourse with the incorrect implication that it is a single course of economic action. In fact, the opposite is true. It actually refers to an entire class of nonviolent actions that are each unique and cannot be argued as whole. Part of the appeal is that sanctions can be a mere nuisance, such as a limit on luxury goods like Rolex watches or Cuban cigars, but on the other hand they have the potential to cripple entire economies or level entire sectors of commerce. To understand it is necessary to make distinctions between them in each individual case. Failure to do so can result in ill-informed, sweeping assertions that have the potential to be dangerous if left uncorrected. Common explanations argue that the most important factors to consider when trying to understand the nature of sanctions are the power dynamic between the sender and receiver and level of international support, but I argue that the most important thing to consider when trying to understand the nature of sanctions is the motivation behind them. Put differently, the behavior is that is being pressured to change. Depending on the behavior both sides may be very committed or only marginally committed to the sanction effort. Why does the goal have the strongest effect on the type that is used and why shouldn’t the argument for or against the “success” of sanctions continue? Using a few specific cases this
Economic Sanctions are the interruption by one state imposed to another for the purpose to command a specific demands by the state, such as political changes. The originator states views the sanctions and the economic relationships it has with that country and the number of states that will initiate the sanction. Different sanctions are placed on states due to the effectiveness of the tool. Economic sanctions are a viewed as a political tool utilized as an alternative to armed conflict or military interventions. Sanctions have been placed on states in order to change a political or military behavior as a more peaceful measure to prevent war. These instruments are considered to be controversial policy as they can damage the economy of another states. Historically states placed under embargoes have suffered major economic downfalls and weakened the economic environment to a atrocious manner that hurts the trade, citizens and businesses established in the state. Embargoes are a way to impede the state from having any trade with the initiating state and placing a commercial blockage on their economy. Embargoes are considered to be a strong diplomatic measure to impose a effort in part from another country. They are seen as the enforcement of peace to a state while other diplomatic efforts have failed by the initiating state. In order for
I have chosen to propose a survey research design. In this survey, my hypothesis is that if college-aged students are in a long-distance relationship, then their relational satisfaction will decrease. I expect to see a negative correlation in this survey. As distance increases between relationships, relational satisfaction will decrease. The independent variable is long-distance relationships. The conceptual definition of a long-distance relationship in this study is an intimate relationship between two people who are geographically apart from one another. The operational definition in this study that we can measure is any relationship in which the two people are attending college, working, or are in the armed services in two different states or countries (one being the United States of America). This level of measurement will be nominal. The dependent variable is relational satisfaction. The conceptual definition of relational satisfaction in this study is positivity of feelings for one 's partner and attraction to the relationship. The operational definition in this study that we can measure is attraction to partner, trusting your partner, feelings of missing your partner, and desire to continue the relationship. This level of measurement will be interval.
The research design used in this study was correlational. The correlational design allows the determination of existence or degree of relationship between two variables. In this study gender was used as the nominal independent variable and hours spent in in Pinterest weekly was the dependent variable. The correlational research method was chosen because it allows relevant evidence to be collected and the data collected is directly related to the research question. This type of study manages variations, identifies relationships between variables, and produces answer to the research question. The purpose of the research had to reflect on the research design in order to reveal whether or not there was a statistical significance, in this case