Research Design ( Dependent Variable )

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Research Design (Dependent Variable) Our economic sanctions episode data are taken from TIES Data 4.0. TIES dataset covers the time period for the cases ranges from 1945 to 2005. The unit of sanctions is target country basis; if a sender makes a threat against multiple targets, a new case is created for each individual target. (Morgan, Bapat, and Kobayashi 2013) In this data, 1,412 cases are included. We exclude 165 ongoing cases, because unfinished episodes’ outcomes are undetermined. In addition, we will omit 158 episodes whose sanctions type which is composed only non-trade restriction; asset freeze, termination of foreign aid, and travel ban. Since my theory is based on the effect of restriction trade. After eliminating, the 1,089…show more content…
The scale ranges from 0 to 10, with 10 representing the best possible outcome for the settlement. As best as possible, coders should assign a number between 0 and 10 to approximate the nature of the settlement. For example, in a case where the U.S. threatens China with trade sanctions, the coder may believe that the U.S. and China had a roughly equally favorable outcome, but slightly favoring the U.S. The coder may indicate that the settlement nature is 4 for China, indicating the nature of this particular outcome. Several episodes may have no settlements. In cases in which there are no settlements, coders should code the variable as missing, or no settlement. If the coder does not believe that enough information is available to make a judgment, the coder should code the case as missing to indicate that the information is missing.” (Morgan, Bapat, and Kobayashi 2013) Our dependent variable is an ordinal-level variable with ten values from 0 to 10.Eliminating NA case, there are 738 cases. (Independent Variables) Our first independent variable is energy independency of target country. Our energy dependence data are taken from the World Bank Data, which is combined International Energy Agency (IEA) and United Nations, Energy Statistics Yearbook. The time period for the cases ranges from 1980 to 20014. “Net energy imports are estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A
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