Research Knowledge and Assessment Essay

3100 Words Feb 8th, 2015 13 Pages
A6: Research Knowledge Assessment
Vincient Cleamons
Walden University

This essay discusses the philosophies, concepts, and methodologies of research investigations. Research designs are contrasted and compared to assess benefits, limitations, and applications. Approaches to quantitative and qualitative studies are illustrated and explained. The operations and purposes of program evaluations and action research studies are elucidated. A6: Research Knowledge Assessment Research can be defined as a systematic method for formulating queries (Drew, Hardman, & Hosp, 2008, p. 4). This essay explores how these queries may be conceptualized, described, evaluated, and
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Positivists utilize the tenets of scientific realism because they feel that the social and psychological world can be evaluated mathematically in the same way that quantitative research explains phenomena in the natural world (p.13). Social constructivism states that phenomena must be understood as complex wholes and researchers must understand reality through the perspectives of the participants in a study. Social constructivism advocates hypotheses that are created to achieve meaning through multiple realities formed by diverse human perceptions in a social world. Social constructivism is commonly employed in ethnographies and other types of social research. Advocacy and liberating frameworks also accept a multiplicity of realities derived from social, economic, cultural, and political milieus. This philosophy involves research that advocates freedom from oppression and is a common framework for education research studies involving minorities or socially oppressed groups of people (Freire, 1970). Pragmatism is not focused on defining a real or socially constructed reality, but seeks practical answers to promulgate correct practices and programs (Lodico, Spaulding, & Voegtle, 2010, p. 16). Pragmatists frequently use a mixed-methods approach