Research Methods

1038 Words Feb 28th, 2015 5 Pages
Psychological Factors
Heather Mingee
Research Methods
Week 10 Assignment 2
Instructor Joseph Davis

Psychological Factors The scientific method is an organized way of figuring something out and normally includes six parts (Galgas, 2014). The first step is to state my purpose. For example, for this assignment, my purpose would be to examine the psychological factors affecting how teenagers in an impoverished urban area spend their time outside of school. Second is my research. For my assignment, I would find out as much information on the area as possible. For example, I would talk to teachers to see what kind of after school programs are available and I would talk to the community to find out what kind of community programs are
…show more content…
A null hypothesis is a statement that there is no actual relationship between variables (Meenakshi, 2012). For example, my null hypothesis would state that there is no relationship between how much free time a child has and how much legal trouble they get into. There are several reasons why it is important to adhere to ethical norms in research. First, norms promote the aims of research, such as knowledge, truth, and avoidance of error. For example, prohibitions against fabricating, falsifying, or misrepresenting research data promote the truth and avoid error. Second, since research often involves a great deal of cooperation and coordination among many different people in different disciplines and institutions, ethical standards promote the values that are essential to collaborative work, such as trust, accountability, mutual respect, and fairness. For example, many ethical norms in research, such as guidelines for authorship, copyright and patenting policies, data sharing policies, and confidentiality rules in peer review, are designed to protect intellectual property interests while encouraging collaboration. Most researchers want to receive credit for their contributions and do not want to have their ideas stolen or disclosed prematurely. Third, many of the ethical norms help to ensure that researchers can be held…