Research Paper : Hinduism ( Bhagavad Gita )

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Rikin Patel Brian Donohue World Civilization 111 29 October 2014 Research Paper – Hinduism (Bhagavad Gita) Arjuna faces the tough decision of facing his own blood in war as he has to fight against his relatives. As a result we get the distinction of duty and consequences, or deontology and consequentialism. Deontology is the idea that believes that actions are right or wrong in themselves, regardless of their consequence. On the other hand, consequentialism is defined as the position that an action is right if it has good consequences and wrong if it has bad consequences. This is an underlying theme in the Bhagavad Gita as Arjuna seeks help from his cousin, Krishna on whether or not he should fight. The Bhagavad Gita shows the tension that Arjuna faces between duty and consequences which ties into the belief of reincarnation and the purpose of the soul in Hinduism. Arjuna faces conflict when he has to make the decision to fight people that he was once friends with and have to kill them in order to survive. When it comes time to fight Arjuna cannot bring himself together to fight, but Krishna encourages Arjuna to fight by giving him advice through a lot of philosophical matter. In the end this is what motivates Arjuna to fight again. Krishna provides advice according to what Arjuna said about why he did not want to fight anymore. Arjuna’s argument can be summarized in two main points: the argument from personal happiness and the argument from evil. The advice that

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