Research Paper On Cooperative Learning

3925 Words16 Pages
Cooperative learning is an educational approach which aims to organize classroom activities into academic and social learning experiences. There is much more to Cooperative Learning than merely arranging students into groups, and it has been described as structuring positive interdependence (Prasetyo,2012). Cooperative learning is a technique that allows students to learn from each other and gain important interpersonal skills. Learn more about the benefits, strategies, and techniques involved in cooperative learning ( Olsen, 2003). It is an organized and structured way to use small groups to enhance student learning and interdependence. Students are given a task, better known as an assignment, and they work together to accomplish this tasks. The success is dependent on the work of everyone in the group.
In addition to learning from each other students
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Unlike individual learning, which can be competitive in nature, students learning cooperatively can capitalize on one another’s resources and skills (asking one another for information, evaluating one another’s ideas, monitoring one another’s work, etc.) ( Chiu, 2008). Furthermore, the teacher's role changes from giving information to facilitating students' learning (Syahrir, 2011). Everyone succeeds when the group succeeds. Ross and Smyth (1995) described successful cooperative learning tasks as intellectually demanding, creative, open-ended, and involve higher order thinking tasks. Five essential elements are identified for the successful incorporation of cooperative learning in the classroom.
Basic elements of cooperative learning:
Johnson (2009) posited five variables that mediate the effectiveness of cooperation. Brown and Ciuffetelli (2009) and Siltala (2010) discuss the 5 basic and essential elements to cooperative learning:
 Positive interdependence
1. Students must fully participate and put forth effort within their
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