Research Paper On Hyponatremia

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Nursing care of hyponatremia require understanding of the relationship between sodium and fluid balance and the role of vasopressin, recognition of a patient’s volume status, onset of the of sodium deficit, severity of signs and symptoms, and degree of the sodium deficit. Depending on the severity (acute vs chronic) of the condition and the selected treatments, serum sodium levels should be measured every 1- 2 hours during initial treatment and at least every 4 hours until symptoms resolve. Oral care is important as patients to have a dry mouth due to fluid restrictions. According to hyponatremia treatment guidelines chronic hyponatremia must be corrected to less than 10 to 12 mEq/L over 24 hours and less than 18 mEq/L over 48 hours in order
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