Research Paper On John Locke

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Finding True Happiness through Purpose in Life: John Locke’s Essay concerning Human Understanding (1689/90)
“True” or “Truth” is an umbrella term widely used often involving honesty and integrity. The Merriam Webster Dictionary defines “True” as “1. Being in accordance with the actual state of affairs, 2. Fully realized or fulfilled dreams.” (“True”, Def. 1-2). However, this definition does not fully justify the usage of the terminology. Thus, it is a vague concept because of the reality a person may have created since everyone lives in their own world shaped by their own beliefs. People live their lives bound by what they accept as ‘True’ that’s how they define their reality. The Merriam Webster Dictionary defines “Happiness” as “1. a state
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Through the concept of morality between good and evil as to what motivates a Man to achieve ‘true happiness’. Locke reveals that “Which is called good and evil; and all good be the proper object of Desire” in general indicating that the root of good and evil is desire. However, “Desire” is defined “as to long or hope for: exhibit or feel desire for” (Desire, Def. 1) presenting the principle that Man needs a motivation to attain ‘true happiness’.
If it be farther asked, what 'tis moves desire? I answer happiness and that alone. Happiness and Misery are the names of two extremes, the utmost bounds whereof we know not. But of some degrees of both, we have very lively impressions, made by several instances of Delight and Joy on the one side; and Torment and Sorrow on the other; which, for shortness sake, I shall comprehend under the names of Pleasure and Pain, there being pleasure and pain of the Mind, as well as the Body. Or to speak truly, they are all of the Mind; though some have their rise in the Mind from Thought, others in the Body from certain modifications of Motion. (Locke § 41.
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Now because Pleasure and Pain are produced in us, by the operation of certain Objects, either on our Minds or our Bodies; and in different degrees: therefore what has an aptness to produce Pleasure in us, is that we call Good, and what is apt to produce Pain in us, we call Evil, for no other reason, but for its aptness to produce Pleasure and Pain in us, wherein consists our Happiness and Misery. Farther, though what is apt to produce any degree of Pleasure, be in itself good; and what is apt to produce any degree of Pain, be evil; yet it often happens, that we do not call it so, when it comes in competition with a greater of its sort; because when they come in competition the degrees also of Pleasure and Pain have justly a preference. So that if we will rightly estimate what we call Good and Evil, we shall find it lies much in comparison: For the cause of every less degree of Pain, as well as every greater degree of Pleasure has the nature of good, and vice versa (Locke § 42.
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