Research Paper On Marcus Garvey

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Marcus Garvey a Jamaican political leader born 1887 August 17 in Saint Ann’s Bay, Jamaica. He was the youngest out of the eleven children his mother Sarah Jane Richards had. She was a domestic worker and farmer as her job. She was a good influence on Marcus who was once described “ bold, determined, and strong. He refused to yield to superior forces if he believed he was right. His father (Marcus Mosiah Harvey Sr) was known around Jamaica for having a large library where Marcus Garvey learned to read and Self-educated himself. Although he received primary education from elementary school though he went through racism experience. After several years later he decided to leave school and serve as a apprentice of a printer. He also visited…show more content…
Marcus Garvey spoke of having pride in African history and culture therefore a crowd of 25,000 people from all over the world came to hear him say his speech. Many found his words inspiring, and encouraging but not everyone. Some established black leaders found his separatist philosophy dangerous. W.E.B Du Bois, a prominent black leader and officer of the N.A.A.C.P. called Garvey,” the most dangerous enemy of the Negro race in American”. Garvey felt that Du Bois was an agent of the white elites so he felt that he was a enemy. But under surveillance W.E.B Du Bois wasn’t the worst or good adversary of Garvey. Soon history would reveal F.B.I fixation on ruining everything Garvey has build for his radical ideas. Hoover felt threatened by him, fearing he was inciting blacks across the country to stand up in militant defiance. That’s when Hoover referred Garvey as a “Notorious negro agitator” out of fear. Several desperately years finding ways to find personal information on him, eventually going so far to find a black F.B.I agent in 1919 in order to infiltrate Garvey’s ranks to spy on him. They placed spies (traps) in the U.N.I.A to get them scared. They sabotaged the Black Star Line by damaging the engines…show more content…
Garvey appealed his convictions, but was denied. Later through the years in 1927 he was released from prison and was immediately deported to Jamaica. He continued his political activism and work in Jamaica and the moved to London in 1935 but didn’t command the same influence he had earlier in his life. Garvey collaborated with outspoken segregationist and white supremacist while trying to get Senator Theodore Bilbo of Mississippi to promote a reparation scheme. The Greater Liberia Act of 1939 would deport 12 million African-Americans to Liberia at federal expense to release unemployment. The act failed in Congress, and Garvey lost about half of his support among the black population. On June 10, 1940 died in London after several strokes that lead him to death. Due to him being in WW2 his had traveling restrictions that his body was interred in London. His remains were taken to Jamaica, where the government proclaimed him as the First national hero. In honor of him the country Ghana has named its Shipping line the Black Star Line and its national soccer team the Black Stars. His message or pride and dignity inspired many people during the Civil Rights movement in the 1950’s. But still till today His memory and
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