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Research Paper On Midwifery

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“Midwifery is a health science and health profession that deals with pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period (including care of the newborn), besides sexual and reproductive health of women throughout their lives. In many countries, midwifery is a medical profession (special for its independent and direct specialized education). A professional in midwifery is known as a midwife.”
Pregnancy is a state in which a woman carries a fertilized egg inside her body. While most people talk about pregnancy being 9 months long (divided into three trimesters), most health care providers refer to a pregnancy as being 40 weeks long, starting with your last known menstrual period. This is also equal to 280 days, or 10 Lunar Months.
“A midwife is
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3. THE TASKS OF THE MIDWIFE IN PREPARING PREGNANT WOMEN FOR EXAMINATION AND BASIC DIAGNOSTIC TESTS IN PREGNANCY

The midwife must be a highly educated person who knows the psychology of pregnant women because she will be the first one to get in touch with the pregnant woman and her family. The midwife must develop good communication and instill a sense of trust so that the health care process may flow smoothly.
On the first examination, the midwife will measure blood pressure, height, weight and weight gain during pregnancy. She will also measure possible proteinuria from urine with test strips, she will assist the gynecologist during the examination and arrange her next appointment with a gynecologist. The midwife must educate pregnant women about complications that may occur and about pregnancy in general.

3.1. PREGNANCY
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In early pregnancy we can use transvaginal sonography, but in later pregnancies, transabdominal sonography is used. Common reasons for receiving an ultrasound examination in the first trimester are to confirm that the fetus is alive or to determine gestational age.
A transvaginal ultrasound is also called an endovaginal ultrasound. It is a type of pelvic ultrasound used by gynecologist to examine female reproductive organs. This includes the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, cervix, and vagina. “Transvaginal” means “through the vagina.” This is an internal examination with whom we can detect pregnancy.

Picture 2. Shew of abdominal ultrasound

“Ultrasound is an essential tool for evaluating your baby during pregnancy. An abdominal ultrasound is a procedure where a technician slides a transducer that emits high-frequency sound waves, over the abdomen to project an image (sonogram) to a computer screen. “ 3.2. PRENATAL CHECK-UPS AND TESTS

It is necessary to visit a gynecologist 9 times during normal pregnancy. They will be scheduled every month until 32 to 34 weeks. After that, they will be every two weeks until 36 weeks, and then weekly until delivery. If you experience any complications between your scheduled visits, call your doctor immediately.
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