He started as junior assistant then later advanced to an apprentice. It was a demanding position for three years. In 1961 he started going and doing his own thing. He had a clothing line put out for Chole Fendi. His fur coat line was put out for her line. He was known for instyle, up-to-date clothing lines and fashionable. He would often go to thrift stores, take old wedding dresses and deconstruct them and do them for a better modern day look. He then became a designer with Jean Patou to work on the haute couture collections for a launch.
Christian Dior was born on the 21 of January 1905. He grew up in Granville France to a affluent family, that worked in manufacturing. ‘Dior’s first interest in clothes developed in his teens when he dressed up as king Neptune for a fancy dress party.’ He went to school to study political science at Ecole des Sciences Politiques in Paris in 1920. This was because of his parent 's insistence. Dior then got the call for military service and served in the French Army from 1927-1928. In 1938 Robert Piguet hired him as a design assistant. Then after the war ended he began working for Lucien Lelong. Before pursing his own ambition and opening his own fashion house. Dior rose to fame quickly after he showcased his first collection ‘La Ligne Corolle’. Carmel Snow the editor and -chief of Harper’s Bazaar at the time gave the collection a name that
Born in 1905, Christian Dior, a fashion designer, became a fashion icon in the early 1940s. Before becoming a fashion icon, however, he initially was interested in art and architect. In 1928, after graduating college, he opened his own Art Boutique that displayed works from Georges Braque, Pablo Picasso, Jean Cocteau, and Max Jacob. Unfortunately, in 1931, he had to close his boutique after his mom and brother died. Shortly after, he became a design assistant by Paris couturier Robert Piguet and in 1940, after the WWII, he was hired by couturier Lucien Lelong. (Christian Dior) In 1947, he launched his new look and by 1957; Dior’s fashion had global sales of $22 million and net profit of $117, 440. After the war, Dior had almost single-handedly restored the international reputation of Parisian haute couture.(Harvard Business Publishing) On October 23, 1957, the tragedy of a third heart attack, killed Christian Dior at the age of 52 while on vacation in Montecatini, Italy. (Christian Dior)
In 1947, Christian Dior presented his first and most celebrated line named the New Look via Carmel Snow of Harper's Bazaar. The assortment was a outstanding contradiction of the war's suffering, while limiting restrained the extent of fabric utilized as a part of a dress or skirt, Dior utilized an extreme 20 yards of just the finest fabrics in
In order to get more inspiration he went to Japan in 1957. He became an honorary professor at the Japanese fashion school Bunka Fukusoi, where he taught for one month on three-dimensional cuts. Later in 1959 he created a women’s ready to wear line that ended up getting him expelled from the Chambre Syndicale because it was available in a department store and they only worked with private clients, according to some stores that’s how it
The Christian Lacroix house was inaugurated in 1987 in the city of Paris. On July 26, 1987 Lacroix showed his first collection (introducing the “pouf” skirt, known as a milestone in fashion history for its inventiveness) under his very own name, and that year the Council of Fashion Designers of America awarded him, “Most Influential Foreign Designer.” He was referred to as the “Messiah”, by a French magazine, and even Time featured him on the cover. In 1988, he received his second Golden Thimble, and debuted his first Ready-to-Wear collection. In 1989, Christian Lacroix introduced his first line of accessories including jewelry, handbags, shoes, glasses, scarves, and ties. Also, during this year he celebrated the opening of boutiques in Paris, Arles, Aix-en-Provence, Toulouse, London, Geneva, and Japan. In 1994, he created the “Bazar” line, a collection based more on folklore and historical time periods than his Ready-to-Wear and Haute Couture lines. In 1995, Lacroix launched the CL Linen and Towel Collection in the spirit of which he believes, “that fashion and lifestyle are two sides of the same coin.” In 1996, he created his Jeans line. This collection embraces the past, present, and future and was inspired mainly by popular and ethnic art and tradition throughout the world. The fact that
Elie Saab developed an interest on fashion starting from early ages. Built his first atelier only at the age of 18. His passion for fashion and haute couture grew in the following years and has dedicated himself to his brand from design to brand and customer communications .According to him :“Couture was a creative engine for the entire brand, a marketing tool for foundation of an image on a profound long term level.”
Christian Dior SE was founded by its namesake, French fashion designer, Christian Dior. The legendary designer exploded onto the Parisian fashion scene in 1947 through designs that challenged the wartime restrictions and reintroduced feminine elegance to women’s fashion. Dior was immediately successful and recognized for his unprecedented creative originality and innovation. During his lifetime, Dior was the most successful fashion designer in the world. Following Dior’s death at the age of 52 in 1957, the house brought in a steady stream of new designers who would carry on Monsieur Dior’s legacy into the
Designers during the twenties were inspired by the look of the shift dress, which became the leading line for day and evening wear. This particular dress hung from the shoulder to below the knee and its waist dropped to the hips. This outfit was associated with the term “flapper”. Born in Saumur, France on August 19, 1883, Coco Chanel was born in an orphanage and taught how to sew in her early childhood. Famed fashion designer Chanel is noted for her trademark suits and little black dresses that are still popular to this day. Fond of belts, Chanel included the style of wearing loose belts on shift dresses. She created styles that were modest yet sophisticated during her time and stressed on making clothing that was comfortable for women. According to Chanel, “luxury must be comfortable, otherwise it is not luxury” (Bio). Along with the low waist lines, hemlines rose dramatically and exposed women’s legs which resulted in interest among women’s hosiery. Finally abandoning the ‘S’ corset look of the Edwardian age, women leaned towards more of a straight figure and boyish look. The “Exhibition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes” took place in Paris in 1925 and showcased a new style of design that was known as art deco. Art deco became a part of the world of design in architecture, furniture, and jewelry. Its geometric shapes and smooth lines
Fashion has been around ever since ancient times, since the time of the Romans, it survived the world wars and is yet today a business with rapid changes. Fashion started off as an art form, a way for the riches to show their social status with unique and innovative designs that only they could afford. It was a way to separate the social classes of the society. In this paper I will include the creator of haute couture, and how the following designers developed couture, as well as having leading names in today’s ready-to-wear industry. The list is long, but I chose to focus on the three most important designers of the modern fashion industry.
Paul Poiret was born on April 20th, 1879 in Paris, France. His contributions to twentieth-century fashion has earned him the title in many people’s eyes as the “King of Fashion”, because he established the principle of modern dress and created the blueprint of the modern fashion industry. Poiret’s designs and ideas led the direction of modern design history. He was born into a working class family and his natural charisma eventually gained him entry into some of the most exclusive ateliers of the Belle Époque. Jacques Doucet, one of the capital’s most prominent couturiers, hired him after seeing promising sketches he had sold to other dressmakers. Furthermore, he was hired by the House of Worth and was put to work to create less
Richard Avedon was born in New York City on May 15, 1923. He grew up both of their parents that were already involved in the fashion industry with his mother named Anna Avedon who worked as a dress manufacturer, and his father Jacob Israel Avedon who owned a clothing store called Avedon’s Fifth Avenue (Biography, n.d.) Growing up and being accustomed to fashion since he was young has inspired him and develop his interest in fashion. He especially enjoyed taking pictures of the clothes in his father’s store. He was only 12 when he joined the Camera Club called YMHA (Young Men’s Hebrew Association)
She was the only fashion designer to ever be on Time magazine's list of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century. In the 1920s Gabrielle launched her first perfume ever called Chanel No. 5 which became a huge success, and still is. Also in the 1920s, Gabrielle started a new piece of clothing, which will change women’s outfits completely. It was the little black dress. Before she introduced this to everyone, black dresses were associated with funerals and deaths, not eveningwear. This was soon the end of corsets and thick clothing women had to wear out. Then in 1925 she created a more legendary piece the Chanel suit with a well-fitted skirt and jacket. It was called the “little boy look.” During the 50s, her spring collection received the Fashion Oscar at the 1957 Fashion Awards in Dallas. She was announced the most influential designer of the 20th
In Chanel’s early 20s, she got into a relationship with a French, ex-cavalry officer, and wealthy textile Étienne Balsan. He assisted her in making her dream come true by helping her open her first fashion shop on Paris’s Rue Cambon in 1910 followed by another in the resort town of Deauville. She started selling stylish hats in her shop. Balsan financially allowed Coco to start to follow her dreams. With Balsan’s financial aid Coco
This essay will be considering the historical development of haute couture by analysing Charles Frederick Worth’s (father of haute couture) key factors in the success of haute Couture. I will then discuss Coco Chanel’s thriving impact on haute couture as well as ready-to-wear caused by the second world war. Saint Laurent’s drift to ready-to-wear and the high street fashion system will also be discussed in order to answer if haute couture is relevant in fashion today. The books I will be analysing and referencing are ‘A Cultural History of Fashion in the 20th Century’ by Bonnie English, ‘Couture’ by Ruth Lynam, ‘How Fashion Works’ by Gavin Waddell. Which will thoroughly breakdown the evolution and historical development of fashion by cultural, economic, environmental and social changes to finally come into a conclusion.