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Research Paper On Sangunaria Canadensis

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The deciduous forests of West Virginia, like all ecosystems, are diverse homes to numerous organisms interacting with each other. West Virginia University’s Core Arboretum provides a good representation of this diversity, providing a wide spectrum of interspecies interaction. For example, when the upper canopy of a forest grows its leaves it absorbs more sunlight, leaving the plants closer to the forest floor with about 2% of the emitted sunlight. To adapt to this, species will flower in a small window of time early in the spring season before the upper canopy becomes profuse. These species are called spring ephemerals. Some of the ephemeral species observed in the arboretum, such as the Viola pubescens, had not yet reached their window and did not contain a flower. Alternatively, species such as the Sangunaria Canadensis (Figure 1), had exceeded their window and completed its reproduction phase leaving no flower to be seen. While there are plenty of species within the arboretum worth mentioning, only a few will be reflected upon, starting with Sangunaria canadensis.…show more content…
This species gets its name from the “blood” (Figure 2) that flows when the stem is broken. The blood produced is poisonous, however, it is said to possess anti-bacterial properties with possible pharmaceutical applications, such as fighting plaque on teeth. Seed dispersal of the S. Canadensis is achieved through a process called myrmecochory, in which ants are attracted to the elaiosomes on seeds (Figure 3). The ants take the seed back to their nest by dragging it by the elaiosome followed by eating it, leaving no way to carry it back out of the nest. Many benefits can be drawn from this process of seed dispersal such as protection from potential predators and adding nutrients that would otherwise not be
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