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Research Paper On Surrealism

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Surrealism was both an artistic and literary movement that originated in Paris in 1924. Andre Breton founded the movement and also written the Surrealist Manifesto. The Surrealist Manifesto defines surrealism as "pure psychic automatism by means of which one intends to express, either verbally, or in writing, or in any other manner, the actual functioning of thought. Dictated by thought, in the absence of any control exercised by reason, free of any aesthetic or moral concern" (Breton). Breton and surrealists believed that the imagination stemmed from the subconscious. That is why their works evoke the appearance of dreams.
Breton also explains the Surrealist Manifesto that Sigmund Freud, an Austrian neurologist credited with the theory of psychoanalysis, influenced surrealism (Breton). Breton was fascinated with Freud analysis on the connection between dreams and the subconscious. According to Leon Hoffman in an interview with the American Psychoanalytic Association on Freud's book, Interpretation of Dreams, Freud believes that a person's subconscious is communicating with their conscious through their dreams (Hoffman). As it relates to surrealism, surrealists use psychoanalysis as a tool to produce their artworks. Psychoanalysis was a way to free
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Pierre Roy was an artist I took influences from in one of my drawings. Roy was a French surrealist who painted La Fortune au repos. He painted what looks to be a wheel, wooden post, and a bamboo stick. He enlarged the objects and placed them in a landscape. Changing an object's size and displacing the object are two common characteristics of the movement's style. For my drawing, I enlarged the woman's torso cast from the closet and placed it in the middle of the ocean. The cast was meant to be a land form that took the shape of a woman's torso. I wanted to represent a form that is found in
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