Research Paper : Traumatic Brain Injury

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Research Paper: Traumatic Brain Injury There are many ailments known today that can severely alter the way one lives his or her life. Some can take years to fully hinder one 's body and some can critically harm one in an instant. Traumatic brain injuries can and do harm near instantaneously. So what exactly is a traumatic brain injury? “Traumatic brain injury, also called brain injury or head injury, occurs when a blow or jolt to the head results in damage to the brain.” (Traumatic Brain Injury, 2007) They can range anywhere between mild to severe. Mild traumatic brain injuries are typically classified as a mild loss of consciousness and confusion for less than 30 minutes. Severe traumatic brain injuries are typically classified as a loss of consciousness anywhere from 20 minutes to six hours. Males between the ages of 15-24 are twice as likely as females to experience a traumatic brain injury. “Not only do females less frequently sustain TBI, but also they seem to have better outcome compared to males. It is suggested that the better outcome in females may be due to lower levels of lipid peroxidation (LP) due to the antioxidant effects of estrogen and progesterone.” (Mustafa & Al-Shboul, 2013) The leading causes of traumatic brain injuries in children and young adults are falls, motor vehicle accidents, trauma, and assaults. Pre-adolescent children are prone to traumatic brain injuries if in a motor vehicle accident. Children under the age of five years old are at risk

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