Research Paper in Child Labor in the Philippines

3805 Words Sep 5th, 2010 16 Pages
Child Labor in the Philippines:
A Review of Selected Studies and Policy Papers(

Rosario del Rosario and Melinda Bonga

Office of the Chancellor for Research and Development, University of the Philippines; Australian Agency for International Development and United Nations Children’s Fund
E-mail: sario_bona@hotmail.com / up-ovcrd@pacific.net.ph / manila@unicef.org

A. Synthesis and Conclusions

On the whole, the decade brought forth a rich and comprehensive body of literature on child labor. These studies cover Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao; the three major industry sectors of agriculture, manufacturing and service, and a whole array of subtypes of work in the formal and informal sector. They give us a more or less in-depth picture of child
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Many studies did not articulate a theoretical and conceptual framework, making assessment of their approaches and analyses inadequate. Gender, age, work sector, and cultural analyses of data were hardly considered in the frameworks covered, with the exception of a few. The latter stressed that child labor should be understood economically, politically, culturally and ideologically, within the context of the global and local economy, and as a manifestation of gender socialization and value systems. Some studies pointed out the macro role of capitalism, and neocolonialism in causing the poverty from which child labor emerged, and stressed that the economic system and government policies and laws (e.g. export orientation) were important conditions in determining the incidence and prevalence of child labor. Thus, some underscored the need for having a framework of and more sensitivity to gender and age seasonality, locality, environment, and specific culture in research and action.

Most authors nevertheless, agreed that:

i) Poverty due to unemployment and underemployment had been the most major push factor in the occurrence of child labor. It was important to keep the macro perspective in view and to have a structural

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