Research Paper on Crohn's Disease

1064 Words Jan 9th, 2013 5 Pages
Research paper
Crohn's disease is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It causes inflammation of the lining of your digestive tract, which can lead to abdominal pain, severe diarrhea and even malnutrition. Inflammation caused by Crohn's disease can involve different areas of the digestive tract in different people. The inflammation caused by Crohn's disease often spreads deep into the layers of affected bowel tissue. Like ulcerative colitis, another common IBD, Crohn's disease can be both painful and debilitating, and sometimes may lead to life-threatening complications. Although it may involve any part of the digestive tract from the mouth to the anus, it most commonly affects the last part of the small intestine (ileum) and/or the large
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Diarrhea - can be mild to very severe. Sometimes there may be mucus, blood. The patient may want to go and find there is nothing to pass. Fatigue - patients with Crohn's disease may sometimes feel extremely tired. Fever is also possible during fatigue. Altered appetite - generally, people with Crohn's disease have periods when their appetite is very low. Weight loss - this is common, especially when the patient experiences loss of appetite. Anemia - if the patient is losing blood there is a risk of anemia. Rectal bleeding and anal fissures - when the skin of the anus becomes cracked there will be anal fissures. These may become painful and can bleed.

There is no "cure" for Crohn's disease, but medical therapy with one or more drugs provides a means to treat early Crohn's disease and relieve its symptoms. The most common drugs prescribed are corticosteroids, such as prednisone and methylprednisolone, and various anti-inflammatory agents. The main treatment for Crohn's disease is medicine to stop the inflammation in the intestine and medicine to prevent flare-ups and keep the individual in remission. Treatment may include medications, surgery, nutrition supplementation, or a combination of these options; these are some of the medications used in the treatment: Anti-inflammation medications, Cortisone or steroids, Immune system

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