Research Paper on Type 2 Diabetes

2171 Words Jul 11th, 2011 9 Pages
Chapter One: Literature Review

1.1 Introduction

The worldwide prevalence of type 2 diabetes is skyrocketing alarmingly to epidemic proportions. According to King, Aubert and Herman (1998), in the year 2000 there were 150 million people with type 2 diabetes worldwide, and this number is expected to double by 2025. This explosive increase in type 2 diabetes prevalence is also associated with a significant increase in morbidity and mortality. (Dankner, Abdul-Ghani, Gerber, Chetit, Wainstein and Raz, 2007). This global increase in diabetes will occur because of population ageing and growth, and because of increasing trends towards obesity, unhealthy diets and sedentary lifestyles. Worldwide, according to the WHO Diabetes Action Now
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Results also showed that eating patterns were influenced by participants’ knowledge of diabetes management. Participants stated that they needed to receive more detailed, individualised training to resolve the challenges faced in the daily management of diabetes. As before, these results show that specific interventions aimed at improving patients’ ability to modify their diet need to address this area.
An Irish quantitative study conducted by Clarke (2009) which explored the behaviours of people newly diagnosed with diabetes. The convenience sample (n=168), who were recruited at group education clinics, took part in a correlational, longitudinal study. Dietary behaviour was measured using a modified Dobson’s 17-item Short Fat Questionnaire. 50% of participants reported non-adherence to recommended dietary fat intake. Study findings indicate that healthcare providers need to assess the perceptions of newly-diagnosed diabetics and subsequently provide tailored education programmes. This supports the findings of Savoca and Miller (2001), Nagelkerk et al (2006) and Williamson et al (2000) who agree that the current group education delivery may not meet the needs of the person with diabetes. Furthermore,

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