Research Paper on the Effects of Time Pressure and Performance Pressure on the Ability to Solve Anagrams for College Students.

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Running Head: EFFECTS OF PRESSURE ON PERFORMANCE The Effects of Time Pressure and Performance Pressure on the Ability to Solve Anagrams in College Students. Abstract Anxiety and stress have been demonstrated to affect test performance and cognitive performance. Previous research has suggested that anxiety interferes with test performance by means of cognitive interference. Often, especially in individuals with high levels of test anxiety, stress leads to anxiety which leads to inattention, self-absorption, and focus on self-evaluation rather than on task-relevant behaviors. Stress is most often induced by a high pressure environment and can vary from situation to situation. The purpose the current study is to examine whether stress induced from a high pressure environment negatively affects testing performance. The current study investigated the effects of time pressure (being timed) and performance pressure (being evaluated) on the ability of college students to solve anagrams. It was hypothesized that pressure would lead to stress that would result in detriments in cognitive performance; however, the hypothesis was supported for time pressure but not supported for performance pressure. The effects of stress and arousal as they relate to performance are discussed. The Effects of Time Pressure and Performance Pressure on the Ability to Solve Anagrams in College Students. Stress has been demonstrated to affect an individual's performance on a number of cognitive tasks

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