Research Proposal

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Research Proposal – Employee Smoking Break
May 12th, 2007

Individuals have different personalities, habits, beliefs and social concepts. People carry these traits into an organizational setting while conforming to the rules and regulations established by the organization. Certain personal habits such as smoking, or religious beliefs such as taking time to pray at work may cause conflict in the workplace if such practices are in the minority. In the past, cigarette smoking was a fashionable habit; however, in the US Surgeon General declared in 1964, that smoking is hazardous to ones health (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2006).
In an effort to discourage people from smoking and prevent passive smoking, many
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According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) employee tobacco use cost U.S. companies an estimated $167 billion each year in lost productivity and direct medical costs (CDC, 2007).
Free & Clear is an organization that helps business and the government measure, improve the health, and productivity of employees. Free & Clear conducted a study for Boeing Company with 150,000 employees. The study revealed that the average tobacco user costs his or her employer more that $6,000 per year in lost productivity associated with smoking breaks, additional sick days and excess medical expenditures. Approximately 20% of Boeing employees smoke; therefore, the annual impact of smoking on Boeing was estimated at $18 million. (2004).
To underpin the financial cost associated with employees taking smoking breaks in organizations, the American Cancer Society (ACS) reported on a poll conducted by EPIC/MRI, a Lansing Michigan research firm. The results were, smokers usually take three cigarette breaks during a workday, with each break averaging 13 minutes. If an average pay rate is $13 an hour, the lost of productivity for businesses in the Great Lakes states was nearly $1.7 billion (2000.) Generally, smokers contend that they take 1-3 smoking breaks a day. Further survey of more than 900 employed workers show that 13% took 4-6 smoking breaks a day (Kelly Services, 2003.)
Health effects of smoking
Despite the fact that scientists have discovered that smoking

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