Research Proposal on Anemia

1413 Words Oct 4th, 2011 6 Pages
EFFECTIVENESS OF PROPHYLACTIC IRON AND FOLIC ACID IN PREVENTING MATERNAL ANEMIA AMONG VEGETARIANS-A CASE CONTROL STUDY

INTRODUCTION: Anemia complicating pregnancy poses a considerable danger to pregnant women and the fetal outcomes. Maternal anemia is defined as presence of less than 9gm% of hemoglobin in blood (Van Hove et. al, 2000). There is a significant risk of premature delivery and miscarriage in anemic women. The fetus is also at risk for low birth weight and severe anemia is associated with increased maternal mortalities (Oats J, Abraham S 2005). The two main types of anemia encountered during pregnancy are Iron deficiency anemia and Folate deficiency anemia. As the pregnancy advances there is an increased demand
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The research will also introduce the possibility of other determinants of maternal anemia if the relationship analyzed is negligible. Working with people and communities, with a 'people-centered health promotion' (Raeburn & Rootman, 1998) requires holistic approach to health, one that can understand the complex social framework (Springett, 2001).
METHODOLOGY: The project is a quantitative research with the data on anemia status being collected meticulously on the basis of dietary habits among a specific set of subpopulation. This is followed by a structured analysis and comparison with an aim of arriving at a causal inference.
The researcher conceptualizes the approach to test the hypothesis stated above by a structured selection of data collection methods. The advantages of adopting quantitative methodology are accurate data collection methods, reduced bias and analysis of objective facts (Saks M, Allsop J, 2007). In this research project, the aim is to study the impact of an observable social factor on the health status. The merit of the research lies in its replicability as the data collected is used for statistical analysis. The sampling techniques and analysis of the results are explained in the following sections.

SAMPLING TECHNIQUE: The research participants will be chosen from the Government maternity center and the Rajiv Gandhi hospital run by union government

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