Research Report On Problem Behavior Essay

780 WordsSep 15, 20154 Pages
When individuals do not have access to the things they want, or when they have to experience delays to that access, they may engage in problem behavior. Various applied research reports on methods to either thin the schedule of reinforcement or to increase the delay following the response have noted increases in problem behavior (e.g. Fisher, Thompson, Hagopian, Bowman & Frug, 2000, Hagopain, Tooe, Long Bowman & Lieving, 2004, Hanley, Iwata & Thompson, 2001; Volkert, Lerman Call & Trosclair-Lasserre, 2009). These increases in problem behavior can be described through extinction-induced resurgence, defined as the recurrence of previously reinforced behavior when another behavior is placed on extinction (Lieving, Hagopain, Long & O’Connor, 2004). Studies have also reported initial high communication rates of one per min or higher for most clients following functional communication training (Hagopian et al., 1998; Shirley et al., 1997). This high rate of behavior can be difficult for most caregivers because they may not be able to reinforce each instance of communication. If these alternative communication responses are not reinforced, problem behaviors may re-emerge and be restregthened through accidental reinforcement provided by caregivers (Volkert, Lerman, Call & Trosclair-Lasserre, 2009). One common method to avoid the potential increase in problem behavior following a delay in reinforcement is delay fading, which involves gradually increasing
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