nature of the research approach calls for a means of data collection and analysis of findings
In doing the research, the methodology must be appropriate so that the analysis findings could reach the objective. Research methodology proposed one procedure in order way to be follow to answer all the questions in the research that want to be made. Quoted by Denzin and Lincoln (1994), methodology is a process that related with research objective and data. In the others word, it is early research planning that include the research scope, data collection method, data collection process and data analysis method. For Ranjit (2005), methodology is one of crucial part in research, in order to ensure the research can be done in the systematic way Overall, this chapter will discuss on the research frame and the methodologies used in order to meet the research objectives. Research process been divided into three main parts there are preliminary research part, data collection and last one data analysis.
Research methodology is a way to systematically solve the research problem. It may be understood as a science of studying how research is done scientifically. In it we study the various steps that are generally adopted by a researcher in studying his research problem along with the logic behind them. It is necessary for the researcher to know not only the research methods/techniques but also the methodology (Kothari, 2004).This chapter discusses the research methodologies and generate relationship among the objectives of this research and the strategies of the study.
Saunders, Lewis and Thornhill (2012, p.127) described the research philosophy as overarching term relating to the development of knowledge and nature of that knowledge. In order to understand the research philosophies and approaches Saunders, Lewis and Thornhill (2012) used the analogy of an onion to model the different stages of decision making required to develop the best choice for a research strategy (Figure 2). These layers were; Philosophies, Approaches, Strategies, Choices, Time horizons and finally techniques and procedures which includes data collection and data analysis.
The research method needs the research philosophy approach and strategies made use of to conduct the research. The study will make use of a research onion put forward by Saunders, Lewis & Thornhill (2007) to direct and help in the development of knowledge that will answer the research questions. The figure below is an illustration of the Saunders et al. (2007) research onion.
Within this assignment there will be a clear demonstration and understanding of the concept of research in relation to the acquisition of underpinning knowledge appropriate to my programme of study. I will also be undertaking a comparative analysis of the nature and validity of quantitative and qualitative research methods. I will also be demonstrating skills in critical analysis of methods of data collection and selection of appropriate methods to informing future working practice. I will also be analyse the ethical considerations in relation to the development and undertaking of research.
Researcher has responsibility to use the appropriate methodology based on the researcher’s knowledge in conducting the study. In this study, the researcher must use the method properly using equally sample, valid instrument and make a right conclusion.
For every research project that is carried in order to develop, refine and advance the factors relating to the research is followed by a set of research methodology that help reach the objectives in a systematic way. Depending on the nature of the researches the methodology is selected respectively. There are different types of research methods as follows: Quantitative approach and Qualitative
My intention in this essay is to explore management research article and evaluate the choice of data collection methods used. I will examine the data collection process and how the methods adopted worked effectively to help the researcher achieve
The study used statistical data that was significant to the accuracy of the results. Collecting data at different ages and conditions improved the accuracy of the information. The BSID and Chi squared test measures used to determine the norms of preterm infants were appropriate. The study provided data on mortality rates and handicaps of the children in the study.
The research topic is selected, the testable research question is developed, research on the topic is found, the literature review is completed, and a decision is made on the research design. Now, one of the most important steps in the research process to accomplish is the collection of data. Notwithstanding the research project and whether the method of research is whether qualitative or quantitative, data must be collected. Data collection is essential whether the method of choice is a mail survey, a telephone survey, an interview, an experiment, field research, or secondary data analysis. Data collection is an important aspect of any research study. Inaccurate data can impact the results of a study and ultimately lead to invalid results. During the data collection step, a significant amount of time, energy and attention are required. In order to ensure the data collection process is valid and successful, one should adhere to the four steps involved: (1) the construction of a collection data form which is used to organize all data that is collected; (2) the designation of the coding strategy used to represent data on a data collection form; (3) the collection of the actual data; and (4) entry into the data collection form (Salkind, 2012).
What I have learned about research is that it is a process, a scientific process that psychologist and scientist develop that includes many different approaches and that is carefully peer reviewed and evaluated. There is what is called the Scientific Approach where scientist have an idea or theory and based on their observation will either support the theory or the theory can be falsified by their peers. Data also goes through a review period before it is published in a scientific journal by scientist who have the knowledge and expertise to evaluate it.
The research design and methods of a study are constructed based on identifying the research problem, developing the theoretical framework, and reviewing the literature (Merriam, 2009). However, the heart of any research design, according to Maxwell (2013), is the research questions. The research questions help to focus the study and influence the choice of research design and methods for data collection. “More than any other aspect of your design, your research questions will have an influence on, and should be responsive to, every other part of your study” (Maxwell, 2013, p. 73).
Research methods provide guidance on designing a study. Research design and use of theory varies per research method. Each design has specific requirements pertaining to issues such as the role of theory, data collection, and the use of variables (Jackson, 2012). Researchers conduct studies when a problem or gap in the literature pertaining to a topic is identified, or when a weakness in an existing theory is identified. The researcher then formulates a research question. The research study should be designed to answer the research