Research and Analysis Project for B.Sc Honors in Applied Accounting to Be Presented to: Oxford Brookes University England Word Count: 6,412 Prepared by: Mentor: an Analysis of the Business and Financial

7348 Words Apr 15th, 2012 30 Pages
Research and Analysis Project

INTRODUCTION:
Selecting ACCA certification has been one of the most important decisions by me as it helped me leverage my position in the job market along with extensive understanding of accounting concepts. Other than that, I selected it as it provided me an opportunity to get the BSc. Honors degree of Oxford Brookes University. While studying as an accounting student in United Kingdom, I really needed a locally recognized degree on my resume to enhance my exposure in the competitive market of UK. The topic I chose for my research is “Financial and business analysis of an organization over a period of 3 years” The organization I chose for my RAP is Al Ghazi Tractors Limited, Pakistan.
Project objectives and
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The company then installed a sheet Metal Plant in July 2006 to improve the cost. The production capacity of the company is 30,000 tractors per annum in single shift. It employs 396 employees and has a total covered area of 90 Acres. The marketing centers of the company are in Lahore, Multan, Islamabad and Sukkar.
Aims and objectives of my report:
My research will be focused on analyzing the financial and business performance of Al Ghazi Tractors over last three years (January 2007 – December 2009). In the start I will analyze the trends in net sales (both volumetric sales and revenues) over the three year period. I will try to find the reasons behind the trends in sales. After conducting a proper analysis, I will conclude the reasons behind the trend. After that I will use profitability measures to find the factors that affect the profits of the company in the profit and loss statement. After that, I will assess the liquidity position of the company by using liquidity ratios. To find the asset efficiency of the company, I will employ asset utilization ratios. Leverage ratios will provide me an insight into the financing structure of the company and its implications on the performance of the company. Then I will use stock performance ratios to learn about the performance of Al Ghazi’s stock in the local stock market of Pakistan, which will tell me how investors perceive the stock of Al Ghazi tractors. To form an unbiased opinion, I will compare and

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