Research into Privation and Deprivation Essay

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Research into Privation and Deprivation

Deprivation is when you have had something taken away from you. E.g. food. When we talk about attachments, deprivation is the loss of an attachment figure. When an infant has had an attachment and it has been broken. There is research done into deprivation by Bowlby. This is his Maternal deprivation hypothesis, which stated the belief that if an infant was unable to build a “warm, intimate, continuous relationship with its mother”, it would then result in having difficulties building relationships with other people and also the risk of behavioural disorders. This hypothesis says that relationships that are discontinuous or where there are separations
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Bowlby’s hypothesis did not suggest that the relationship had to be with the mother. He believed s child needed to form a relationship with a primary caregiver however did not necessarily need to be the mother. The key aim for his hypothesis was to identify the importance of emotional care in healthy development.

Privation is when an attachment had never been formed. The lack of emotional care can possibly result in no attachment being formed. It can also result in permanent harm to the infants social and emotional development. The study conducted by Hodges and Tizard (1989) was of ex-institutional children. He aimed to see effects of children who had suffered early privation. He also wanted to test Bowlby’s Maternal deprivation (or privation) hypothesis. In this research they took out a longitudinal study. They studied 65 children which were placed in an institution when less than four months, which had all experienced early privation. By 4 years old, 24 children had been adopted, 15 returned to their natural homes and the rest remained in the institution. It was found that the adopted children had closer attachments to their parents and had good family relationships and this was not the case for the ‘restored’ children.

Evidence against the Maternal deprivation hypothesis show in Hodges and Tizard’s study that restored children often returned to the
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