Research the Following Theorists and Explain How Their Theories Influence the Way That We Work with Children, Freud, Skinner & Watson, Maslow, Bandura and Piaget. D

3714 WordsMar 21, 201215 Pages
Research the following theorists and explain how their theories influence the way that we work with children, Freud, Skinner & Watson, Maslow, Bandura and Piaget. Explain how frameworks to support development can be used to influence current practice. Freud was an early writer about child development and went against the thinking of his time, in differentiating between the way that children and adults think, as many thought that children were empty vessels waiting to be filled up. Freud describes child development as a series of psychosexual stages whereby the pleasure seeking ID becomes focused on certain erogenous zones and this psychosexual energy or libido is the sole force behind human behaviour. He examines how if at any…show more content…
satisfaction at a completed task. These reinforcers can be social i.e. the teacher praises the child or material such as a sticker for good work. He also realised that reinforcement does not have to occur every time in order for it to be successful and behaviour modification it has been seen to have some success in both therapy and education when shaping antisocial or aggressive behaviour by a series of controlled reinforcement “Behaviour that has been maintained by intermittent reinforcement is very much more resistant to extinction than is behaviour maintained by continuous reinforcement” However opponents of this therapy maintain that this can often be temporary and the individual may revert once the strict conditions have been removed as they leave the school or institution. “If we can identify, arrange and deliver reinforcers so that a child’s appropriate behaviours can be strengthened, we shall increase his learning, his social acceptability and his own enjoyment of life” In the classroom we can encourage certain behaviours through reinforcement i.e. golden time, reward charts, stickers and praise. In a special educational needs environment token economies are often used to help children and adults to learn sets of behaviour to enable them to learn socially acceptable behaviour in preparation for later life. This allows for reinforcement to be given immediately on the correct

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