Reshaping Slavery to Make it Legal for Muslims Essay

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Muslim destinations. 1 “Labour shortages occurred within the Southern Iranian and Persian Gulf Region during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries resulting in fresh demands for imported labour to work in the Gulf pots, in the coastal villages and in local militia. The East African slave trade provided the temporary labour until the First World War.”2 It is remarkable the combination of several forms of slavery and coerced labor in the labor market.3 The economic change and the rising demand of slaves from East Africa had several impacts in the supply and reception areas. Large number of pawned and bonded labor in Africa faced a changes in their condition, and were exported away their homes. On the other hand, a 'new understanding' of…show more content…
Porterage system, characterized by an autonomous organization suffered a great specialization. The main group organizing caravans from the interior were the Nyamwezi. Rockel has pointed that such group used to use wage labor in the hunting of elephants and the movement of the ivory, but great part of payments to inland populations it was in slaves. Thus the ivory commerce also had consequences in the internal slave trade.8 According to Jan-George by the 1810 decade were exported from the coast to Zanzibar 8000 slaves per year, by 1830-40 13000 per year, by 1860-70 20000 per year.9 A similar estimation is provided by Cooper by the years between 1859-1872 with almost 140000 slaves exported.10 Just a minor percentage of those slaves were re exported to the north coast (Malindi-Lamu), the most part of them stayed working in Zanzibar. The Sultan was motivated by successful plantations in Zanzibar and decided to expand plantations in the East African Coast, in the late 1830's encouraged to their subjects to the development of such system in all his dominions. Consequently, the demand for slaves in the coast was increased, and introduced a factor of change and insecurity among the populations in the interior of Eastern Africa. A typical institution among the Miji Kenda (Kenya inland) was pawnship, but as a consequence of the increase in the demand of slaves, many families who had pawned their members for food to Arabs in the coast, saw their relatives
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