Resilience has a persuasive history in psychiatry. It began with the development studies focused on children that performed well despite the adverse family circumstances (Werner & Smith, 1992).Subsequently plethora of literature was generated in the health domain, focusing on the effects of resilience for muddling through the harrowing situations. It was professor Fred Luthans who introduced the concept of individual resilience in the domain of positive psychology via the core concept of psychological Capital (Luthans et al., 2004).
Domain of Resilience
The genesis of individual resilience is found in two bodies of literature: the psychological aspects of coping and the physiological aspects of stress (Tusaie & Dyer, 2004). Psychological resilience is concerned with behavioural adaptation, usually defined in terms of internal states of well-being or effective functioning in the state of risk and instability. From Psychological and development perspective it is considered that resilience grows and extends over time. It is argued as a set of traits (Jacelon, 1997), a process (Olsson et al., 2003) or an outcome (Vinson, 2002), that abates the downbeat effects of stress and fosters adaptation. Simultaneously it is also considered as a common physiological characteristic of human organs and tissues that facilitates them in enduring and recuperating from an injury (Manji and Duman, 2001). But on the other hand, research revealed that everyone has the different