Respiratory Diseases

2743 Words May 17th, 2011 11 Pages
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Kayleena Blankenship
Mrs. Smith
11 English AP
11 January 2011
Respiratory Diseases: Infections Invading the Lungs The average human takes breathing for granted. One might think that breathing is just an involuntary movement, but for the millions of people who suffer from respiratory illnesses, each and every breath is a major accomplishment to another day of daily life. The respiratory system not only oxygenates the blood for the body, but also filters out wastes, infections, and provides the air that is needed for daily speech. The respiratory system is a vital component of the body and although the lungs can stand abuse from some smoke and pollutants, there are a variety of disorders and diseases that can be
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“Cystic fibrosis (or mucoviscidosis, as it is sometimes called) is caused by a defective recessive gene” (Clayman 328). “Most seriously, the glands in the lining of the bronchial tubes produce excessive amounts of thick mucus, which predisposes the person to chronic lung infections” (Clayman 328). The symptoms of the disease can be severe, depending on the individual. “The first sign of cystic fibrosis in an infant may be intestinal blockage. Some babies with cystic fibrosis may have bulky stools, poor weight gain, or slow growth, all the result of low digestive enzymes in the intestines” (Jerrold and Lipsky 366). In most cases, young children will have bowel movements producing “pale, greasy-looking, foul-smelling feces” (Clayman 328). “The child also suffers from persistent chest infections, causing consistent coughing and breathlessness. Pneumonia, bronchiectasis, and bronchitis commonly develop and the lungs become damaged” (Clayman 328). People who are diagnosed with cystic fibrosis become dehydrated often because they tend to loose so much salt in their sweat. “Often parents of children with cystic fibrosis report that their infants taste salty when they kiss them” (Jerrold and Lipsky 431). Cystic fibrosis leads to chronic lung infections that will destroy the lung tissue over time, which leads to death. Cystic fibrosis is incurable; however, there are several treatment methods that can relieve the
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