Respiratory Infection During The Hajj

1284 Words Dec 4th, 2016 6 Pages
Respiratory Infection during the Hajj
Generally infectious diseases is one of the most demanding challenges facing the health sector today and respiratory infection take a great concern of it. Mass gathering in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, either it was for Hajj or Umrah, is considered one of the potential sources of developing & dissemination infectious diseases on large scale. Many factors contribute to the spread of these infections, including crowding, the health of the attendees, and the type and location of meetings (Al-Tawfiq, Gautret, Benkouiten, & Memish, 2016).
The annual Hajj has been associated with a wide variety of viral and bacterial upper and lower respiratory tract infections such as MERS-CoV, SARS and influenza. Pneumonia is a common cause of hospitalization and the estimated occurrence of respiratory tract infections among pilgrims ranges from 20% to 80% (Memish, Almasri, Turkestani, Al-Shangiti, & Yezli, 2014). As a result, this concern have to be managed in precise approach to prevent the spread of the respiratory pathogen not only for the pilgrimage family but for the surrounded and the whole country as will.
Despite the fact that KSA have established a policies regrade preforming the hajj by all Muslims in the world to Macca such as hajj permissions, regulations, vaccinations and guidelines, many don’t follow them precisely which led to this challenge defiantly. Furthermore, Pilgrims with chronic medical conditions such as diabetes or chronic heart,…
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