Restoration of Iowa’s Wetlands
Iowa’s wetlands are a large part of Iowa history and an important part of our current society that have been almost wiped out. The restoration of wetlands not only affects the ecosystem on a small scale, but also the nation as a whole, and society itself. It provides a source of recreation, a benefit to the economy, and improves certain aspects of farming. Wetland restoration is a difficult task that often requires many levels of planning, management, and monitoring. But once finished, the benefits that it can bring are almost countless, just a few being protection of native wildlife, flora and fauna, improving water quality naturally, and preserving a sense of Iowa history and heritage. There are many…show more content… Over 10,000 invertebrates live in wetlands in the US (Restoring Iowa). Wetlands also support over “190 species of amphibians, 5,000 plant species, and a third of all native bird species” (Restoring Iowa). Most of Iowa’s past wetlands were in the Des Moines lobe, in the north and central parts of Iowa (Iowa Wetlands).
Restoring Iowa’s wetlands can bring many different benefits for both the environment and for society itself. Some of the benefits provided to the environment are creating new and/or improving wildlife habitats, help prevent floods, increase ground water supply, improve water quality, reduce soil erosion and help to increase biodiversity. There are also benefits for society, some of which included recreational activities such as hunting, fishing, bird watching, and canoeing, improving the general economy, and creating additional farm income (Restoring Iowa, Natural Resources).
One of the most important things that wetlands can do is improve our water quality. With the increasing usage of pesticides in farming and other pollutants that get spread around, most of these chemicals end up in our water supply from runoff. When a lake has wetlands at or near its borders, it tends to be cleaner and more protected from pollutants. Groundwater also benefits from wetlands, as the plants use the extra nitrogen from the runoff. In Iowa, nitrogen is the most common pollutant in out drinking water (Iowa Wetlands). In one study, it was found that “it