Restorative Justice : The Criminal Justice System

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Although, not a new concept in the criminal justice arena, restorative justice has become a popular tool in the fields of both victimology and criminology (Doble & Greene, 2000). According to Doble & Greene, (2000) Restorative justice has been defined as: “A theory of justice that emphasizes repairing the harm caused or revealed by criminal behavior. It is best accomplished through cooperative processes that include all stakeholders.” Unlike the traditional criminal justice system, restorative justice main focus is on repairing those who have been injured by a crime (Doble & Greene, 2000). In order to repair those that are injured by a crime, the acknowledgment that a crime has existed must take place first. Restorative Justice Approach Restorative justice has been found to permit the victim of a crime, the offender of the crimes, and the affected members of the affected community of that crime an opportunity to respond to the crime (Fisher, Ury, & Patton,1991) . By recognizing that criminal acts are more comprehensive than that of the traditional approach of law breaking, restorative justice takes on a more contemporary approach to criminal justice (Gerkin, 2012). Restorative justice measures its success in the amount of harm that is repaired or prevented, rather than the amount of punishment that is inflicted to an offender (Fisher et al., 1991). Stakeholders of Restorative Justice Primary stakeholders of restorative justice are the victim/s of a crime, the offender
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